To implement the party's 19 big economic work "quality development" put forward by the general policy, the industry further implement the nineteenth spirit about to speed up the construction of an innovative country, explore the new era of industrial textiles industry innovation and development and transformation and upgrading of the specific problems and solutions, to the services association for science and to guide the future period, to 21 March 5, China's main industrial textiles industry association leadership led, mulling five road, Shanghai, jiangsu, hubei, hunan, anhui, zhejiang, fujian, shandong and other eight provinces and cities,Spring research was carried out on three topics: scientific and technological innovation, public service platform and brand quality, and intelligent weaving.Investigators visited the xiantao peng and nonwovens, Xiao Jiang packaging, tiantai filter cloth in wenzhou, yiwu line, changshu branch pond nonwoven machinery six industrial clusters, field investigation and research of industrial textiles industry association, jiangsu province, tiantai textile industry association, etc four local association, and Shanghai Oriental international group, hubei constant day ka wah, shaoyang, hunan xin hai, textile machinery, jiangsu international China, broad-mindedness, ying Yang textile machinery science and technology, 3521 yuan in anhui processing, s&p's medical science and technology, zhejiang taizhou three top line, environmental protection, Orion, fujian NaFang, hengan, taian Luther, shandong tai peng, such as more than 40 companies, held eight times concentrated symposium.
The survey covering the current industrial textiles industry developing rapidly larger or eight provinces and cities, both in eastern developed regions, there is also a central hubei, hunan, anhui, etc, involved in nonwovens, geotechnical materials, filtration materials, packaging materials, medical health materials and end products, rope line network, the safety protective material, structure, reinforced material, automotive textiles, sail, and nonwoven machines, warp knitting machines and spare parts manufacturing and so on more than 10 areas, has a strong industry representative.
I. Economic operation of relevant provinces and cities and enterprises
(I) The overall operation is good, and the sub-industries are seriously differentiated
As far as the overall investigation is concerned, the industrial textile industry in 2017 is running well on the whole, and the industrial scale, operating income and economic benefits are still in the stage of rapid growth.For example, in 2017, the industrial added value of enterprises in the regulations of Industrial textiles in Hunan province increased by 25.5% year on year, and the revenue of main business increased by 27.7%, which was much higher than the 7.5% and 11.4% of the whole textile industry in Hunan province.Key industrial enterprises in Anhui province have maintained rapid growth, accounting for 8% of the textile industry.The number of nonwovens production and related enterprises in Xiantao, Hubei has exceeded 1000, among which 98 are above the designated level.In 2017, its output value has exceeded 30 billion yuan and reached 31.378 billion yuan, with direct export of 632 million US dollars. It produces 300,000 tons of nonwovens and 800,000 tons of nonwovens annually, and has cultivated a number of leading enterprises represented by Hengtian Jiahua and Xinfa.
Although the industry as a whole operates well, but the differentiation of various professional fields is more obvious.The investigation shows that enterprises in the fields of high temperature filtration, safety protection, structural strengthening, nonwoven machinery and other fields have a growth rate of over double digits in revenue and total profit, and they are full of confidence in development.Some industries, such as line belt industry, are developing slowly. In 2017, the revenue growth rate of Yiwu line belt industry is only 6.6%.Although the market of woven filter cloth has recovered obviously, the output growth rate of key enterprises of Tiantai woven filter cloth is only about 10% in 2017.In Xiaojiang packaging materials, the output value of traditional plastic packaging grows only about 3%, but the output value of nonwoven packaging grows more than 20%.The domestic and foreign markets of woven leather fabric are relatively weak, and some key enterprises whose main business is woven leather fabric have seen a slow growth in operating revenue in 2017, and even some enterprises have seen a slight decline.
2. Scientific and technological innovation has led development, and remarkable results have been achieved in structural adjustment
With the continuous development of the industry, the gradual acceleration of market changes has brought great challenges to the management of enterprises.The survey shows that many enterprises take the initiative to respond to market changes, actively research and develop new products, improve product quality, and try new sales channels, so as to achieve high-quality development.
Anhui yuan source of science and technology, focus on building CNAS (conformity assessment of China national accreditation council) laboratory, provincial enterprise technology center, the provincial engineering technology research center, postdoctoral workstation platform, with the United States at the university of Nebraska, tsinghua university, China university of science and technology, donghua university and other research institutes to carry out the integration of both at home and abroad.The company's new products and technologies increase by more than 50% every year, and now it has 95 patents, 1 national achievement appraisal and 9 new products from Anhui Province.
With more than 40,000 square meters of level-100,000 dust-free purification workshops conforming to the requirements of GMP standards, Poorde medical has been the first to pass the ISO13485:2003, CE and FDA certification issued by the TUV notification agency in Germany, and its products have been sold to more than 80 countries and regions in the world.
Zhongke Beida has its own core technology of electrostatic spinning in the field of masks, and its products have achieved a good balance in terms of protection effect and comfort, which is superior to similar foreign products.Relying on this technology, the company vigorously develops masks for various scenarios and sells them through multiple channels such as e-commerce and government bidding, thus filling the market gap and defusing the single market risk.
At the same time, some enterprises strengthen product research and development, adjust the product structure and market structure.For example, due to the shrinking of the traditional synthetic leather market and intensified competition, many leather base cloth manufacturers compressed the output of woven base cloth in 2017, introduced the knitting elastic base cloth project with strong market demand, and reversed the passive situation by adjusting the product structure, which achieved good results.
Fujian Tianshou has a complete synthetic leather industry chain from polyurethane, additives, spinning, base cloth and coating. In 2015, it entered the field of microfiber synthetic leather and focused its research and development on the automotive market.In recent years, the automobile market has maintained rapid growth, especially for national brands. The use of microfiber leather for automobile seats and interior decoration conforms to the consumer preferences of the Chinese market, and there is considerable development space in the future.
(3) Industrial investment grew rapidly, and the development of the central region accelerated
In recent two years, China's nonwovens industry has developed rapidly and become a hot spot in the industry.The nonwovens production enterprises visited during the survey basically have projects in production in the past two years, and most of them have plans to add new production lines in the near future.However, enterprises are also reflecting that the rapid growth of domestic nonwovens capacity far exceeds the growth of market demand, resulting in increasingly fierce market competition of nonwovens, and the profitability of enterprises is obviously declining.For example, in 2017, although raw material prices such as chemical fiber and chemical materials have increased significantly, the market selling price of nonwovens has declined.
The industrial textile industry and most of the key enterprises in the three central provinces have maintained rapid development and good development prospects.In 2017, the growth rate of industrial output value or operating income of the three provinces was above 10%, among which the growth rate of industrial textile industry in Hunan province was as high as 27.7%.In addition, many traditional textile industries are accelerating their entry into industrial industries, especially nonwovens. For example, Anhui Huamao has built four new production lines of pure cotton spunlaced nonwovens since 2015, and Hunan Ruia Hi-tech Group will also focus on developing nonwovens for medical and sanitary use in 2018.
The excessively rapid rise in the price of chemical fiber raw materials seriously affects enterprise benefits
According to the feedback data from many aspects, the price of major chemical fiber products rose a lot in 2017, which made it difficult for nonwoven production enterprises to transfer the pressure of increasing chemical fiber raw material cost to the downstream users, resulting in the decrease of enterprise profits.For example, high-temperature filtration material manufacturers are all bidding projects for key national projects such as downstream coal-fired power plants, and they need to sign contracts several months or even half a year in advance.The rapid rise of raw material prices has greatly increased the production costs, but the production enterprises cannot transfer to the downstream users, resulting in a significant decline in benefits.
5. The year 2018 got off to a good start
On the whole, the six industrial clusters and more than 40 enterprises surveyed are optimistic about the operation and development of the industry in 2018.After the Spring Festival, the enterprises got off to a good start. Most of them have abundant orders, especially in the fields of military industry, safety protection, nonwoven machinery and high-temperature filtration. Some enterprises, such as nonwoven machinery and high-temperature filtration enterprises, have placed orders in the second half of the year.Of course, it is difficult to recruit workers in some areas, which has affected the start-up of some production lines after the Spring Festival. It is expected to improve with the gradual return of migrant workers after the Spring Festival.
Ii. Basic information of research on various topics
1. Scientific and Technological Innovation
1. Jiangsu Province promotes scientific and technological innovation through policies and mechanisms
Jiangsu is China's major textile province, is also a big province, new materials and demand in the field of textile new materials especially fiber material has very good industrial foundation, jiangnan university, suzhou university, nantong university, jiaxing college and other colleges and universities, for the transformation of innovation development of industrial textiles provides a good foundation.In terms of science and technology, a number of enterprises, represented by Zhongfu Shenying, South Glass Institute, Jihua 351, Jiangsu Yingyang, Hongfa Zongheng, have emerged. They have made a series of achievements in structural strengthening, aerospace and military industry, environmental protection, civil engineering and other industrial fields, and won a number of national and provincial science and technology awards.In terms of policy, Jiangsu province attaches great importance to the reform of scientific and technological system and the transformation of achievements, and has carried out a series of promotion and guidance work to promote the transformation of scientific and technological research and development and achievements, creating a flexible and diversified innovation atmosphere.In terms of mechanism, Jiangsu Industrial Technology Research Institute was established, focusing on the research and development of industrial core technology, generic key technology and forward-looking technology, as well as the integrated innovation of cross-disciplines, to fill the gap in the innovation chain between the upstream basic research and the downstream enterprise product production.
2. Innovation has become the main melody of research enterprise development
Research enterprises attach great importance to innovation and development, and have done a lot of work in the fields of industry-university-research cooperation, technological innovation, and management innovation, forming innovative development models with their own characteristics.
The 3521 international China and jiangnan university jointly developed industrial soot ultra clean emissions with energy-saving water thorn liao key technology research and development and industrialization "won the 2017 China textile industry association of science and technology progress award, firms are also developing basalt filter material, new products, such as antistatic filter, in order to meet the special demand in the field of industrial filters.
In the beginning of 2018, the company successively went to more than 30 main engine factories to release the fashion trend of 2018 automotive interior fabrics to customers, and to display the latest research and development achievements of the company, thus gradually consolidating its position in the industrial innovation chain.
Hongfa vertical and horizontal with the Beijing university of aeronautics and astronautics, donghua university, tianjin university of technology, changzhou institute of advanced materials such as domestic well-known universities, research institutes to carry out the manufacture-learning-research cooperation, and actively build China's carbon fiber composite material application technology innovation alliance, promote carbon fiber composites in automobile, rail transportation, wind power, large aircraft, aerospace and other low cost applications in the field of technological breakthroughs.
In cooperation with Dalian University of Technology, Runyuan Group has developed the automatic yarn dressing and disc changing device, and jointly developed the intelligent warp knitting workshop with China National Institute of Machinery Research.In terms of equipment development and innovation, Runyuan has carried out "learning from customers and listening to customers' Suggestions" for many years, making equipment development more targeted and practical.
Yingyang actively carried out the construction of non-public grassroots Party organizations, and always adhered to the principle of "party construction leads management and promotes development with management", guiding the enthusiasm and creativity of employees to the development of enterprises, and transforming the achievements of party construction into productive forces.
The research and development of Cobestar is the most distinctive. Its research and development and core technology are completely supported by the Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Zheng Yuming's research team of cobestar is the company's main research and development force.The team developed the technology of electrospinning independently and successfully applied it to bethesda mask products.
Hengan health materials industry in China's largest companies, has a state-level technology center, in the aspect of technology innovation has a relatively complete organizational structure and personnel, every main product line has a research and development team, the content of the research and development mainly focus on product development and improvement of the technology, equipment and basic research of material performance.
Taizhou yu star pin co., LTD and zhejiang university for technical cooperation, continuously improve technical inspection of the raw material selection, heat treatment process, product, etc., the production of pricker, eighteen procedure, a times more than ordinary pin factory, and their process is finely crafted, excellence, excellent product performance, at home and abroad have been many key nonwoven machinery and warp knitting machinery production enterprises as a first choice.
Hunan Huasheng Group Co., Ltd. and Environmental Science and Technology Industrial Park Development and Construction Investment Co., Ltd. jointly established Zhongnan Intelligent Equipment Co., Ltd. and acquired Changtai Robot Co., LTD.We are making scientific and technological innovation in the field of intelligent textile manufacturing, providing comprehensive intelligent manufacturing solutions, and jointly promoting the development of the textile industry.The company will start with the construction of nonwoven intelligent production demonstration line to promote in the textile industry.
(2) Public service platform and brand quality
1. Brand quality work
The research of the enterprise to attach great importance to product quality and brand construction and so on all field visit most of the backbone enterprises have passed IOS9001 IOS9000 or quality system certification, local governments are actively promote key enterprise declare provincial award, provincial famous brand, etc., many enterprises have won the honor, such as the source of science and technology have obtained quality prize in anhui province, anhui yuan tiantai yan brand the company's "yan" brand filter cloth, samsung, "samsung" floor have been given the brand-name products in zhejiang province.
However, local governments and industrial clusters generally pay little attention to the regional brand construction and invest less manpower, material resources and financial resources.Among the six clusters investigated in this study, only Tiantai County officially registered the trademark of "Pingqiao Filter cloth" in the State Administration for Industry and Commerce, but its later investment in publicity and promotion force was too little, and also failed to achieve the due good effect.
2. Public service platform
The construction of public service platform of the industrial cluster investigated in this study is relatively weak, and the government's main energy is focused on the construction of industrial parks and investment attraction.Existing service platform basic concentrated in financial services, such as yiwu small commodity market, market information, trade services, logistics transportation has good foundation, at the same time promote the fund operation characteristic industry, establish "passed through" and "help protect borrowed" financing platform to solve the financing difficulties of small and medium-sized enterprises financing your problem;Tiantai county is focusing on supporting competitive enterprises listed;Xiaojiang Town introduced industrial guidance fund to promote the listed share reform of key enterprises.
The lack of technical service and talent service platform in industrial clusters is highly consistent with the weak technical force, lack of technical personnel and difficulties in product research and development commonly reported by key enterprises, which is exactly what enterprises urgently need and look forward to.At the same time, each cluster lacks a major event platform with industry influence, which makes it difficult to effectively improve the visibility and influence of local industry in the whole industry.
(3) Intelligent manufacturing topic of nonwovens industry
Nowadays, the textile industry is developing towards intelligentization, digitalization, greening and other directions. The development of intelligent manufacturing technology provides strong scientific and technological support for the construction of textile power, and is an important means to improve product quality stability and labor productivity.
As for intelligent manufacturing, the enterprises in this survey basically show high enthusiasm. According to their own scale, economic strength and industrial characteristics, they have made their own attempts and achieved certain results.But look from whole, the level of implementation of intelligent manufacturing is still relatively low, the investment is mainly concentrated in the whole process of automation and informatization mainly use ERP solve operational links such as finance, sales, warehouse logistics, production equipment of networking and informatization of information collection, production, big data applications also basic is blank.
The impetus for smart manufacturing is driven in part by national policy and more by a desire to reduce employment.In the survey, enterprises generally reported that it was difficult to recruit workers and the stability of employees was poor. Enterprises urgently needed to reduce the number of low-skilled workers in packaging and transportation through automation.
See Table 1 for a summary of the current situation of intelligent manufacturing of nonwovens in the industry.
However, we also note that some of the current process automation may require higher costs, and the implementation effect is not ideal.For example, the automatic feeding system of staple fiber has a large input but low benefit.The defect treatment of spunlaced nonwovens cannot be handled by machines at present, so manual treatment is feasible and economical.
Three, typical cases and research highlights
1. Highlights of scientific and technological innovation
1. Jiangsu Province innovatively established the Provincial Industrial Technology Research Institute
Exploring new models of innovation and achievement transformation is one of the emphases of this research.The research group went to Jiangsu Industrial Technology Research Institute for in-depth exchange.In jiangsu province is rich in educational resources and industry base, in order to get strong from science and education to the industry strong channel, through investigating the argument, in December 2013, jiangsu provincial government decided, was formally established the "industrial technology research institute of jiangsu province", a industry core technology, key technology and common forward-looking technology research and development and interdisciplinary integration innovation for scientific research key, fill the basic research upstream and downstream enterprise product innovation chain gap between production.
By the beginning of 2018, the Institute has 38 specialized institutes, with a total number of nearly 6,000 researchers, a total annual research and development fund of nearly 2 billion yuan, 1,800 transformed scientific and technological achievements, and 400 derivative incubators, among which 17 are listed or to be listed.Research fields are mainly distributed in five industrial fields: new materials, electronic information, biomedical, advanced manufacturing, energy conservation and environmental protection.As the "experimental field" for deepening the reform of science and technology system in Jiangsu Province, the Institute has made many innovations in its organization and operation mode, which are as follows:
(1) The Institute is a legal entity directly under jiangsu Province, and the President assumes overall responsibility under the leadership of the Council.
(2) The institute and the institute are affiliated. The Institute participates in the management of professional institutes through the council, and the institute has a flexible establishment mechanism.
(3) The contract research of the research institute is used as the assessment index to break through the previous way of financial support for the research institute and decide the funding according to the research performance of the service enterprise of the research institute, so as to give full play to the decisive role of the market in the allocation of innovative resources.
(4) professional institute of the equity incentive mechanism, as a professional institute has independent legal person ownership and disposition of scientific and technological achievements, encouraging research institute for science and technology personnel determined by return on equity, options and other ways to enjoy the appreciation of the benefits, realize the innovation in r&d staff labor docking with the interest income.
The innovation of the above model has well established a market-oriented R & D oriented mechanism and greatly stimulated the enthusiasm of researchers for innovation and entrepreneurship. At present, it has attracted a number of research teams and projects, which has brought great impetus to the scientific and technological innovation and achievement transformation in Jiangsu Province.
2. Orient International Group accelerates international layout and promotes the return of manufacturing industry
Manufacturing is the most critical driver of China's economic growth.Among the enterprises surveyed in this study, Orient International Group has made allocation of high-quality resources in key links of the industrial chain through global layout and transnational operation in recent years, and continuously expanded its manufacturing share.In 2017, the company organized and held a science and technology innovation conference to make a new plan and layout for the group's science and technology innovation system centering on adapting to the supply-side structural reform, promoting advanced manufacturing and supporting the fashion industry.At present, the group has more than 100 manufacturing enterprises, among which the number of overseas manufacturing enterprises accounts for nearly 50% of the group's manufacturing enterprises and the proportion of revenue has reached nearly 20%.In recent years, Shanghai Shenda Co., Ltd. has promoted the strategy of "national layout and overseas development", and has developed into a comprehensive enterprise integrating domestic and foreign trade, new textile materials, automobile interior decoration, real estate and real estate.In the automotive textile field, the company has become the world's leading manufacturer of automotive soft decoration and acoustic components after acquiring IAC's automotive business in 2017. In the future, the company will further strengthen technological innovation and product development, and continue to promote the technical progress of automotive soft decoration materials.
3. The extension of industrial chain helps enterprises to strengthen their advantages
Among the enterprises investigated in this study, Kuanda Technology, Hongfa Zongheng, Feilong, Zhentai and other enterprises have carried out industrial chain extension on the basis of the original industry.In life science and technology is the domestic earlier to enter one of the professional manufacturer of car interior fabrics industry, the automotive textiles industry characteristics of many varieties, small batch, the company has formed a complete industry chain from nonferrous differential fibre to seating products production system, make the company in terms of form a complete set of product development, show the strong market competitive advantage.
Hongfa aspect is high-performance fiber warp-knitted reinforced composites well-known domestic enterprises, the company's stake in the form of family enterprises through joint ventures or technology, the whole industrial chain has been deeply involved in fiber composites, now has high performance of warp knitting fabric, new energy vehicles, aerospace, rail transportation, national defense, fixtures, composite material design, test and evaluation center, and other business sectors, and layout the future of fiber composite material market.
Hongfa aspect is high-performance fiber warp-knitted reinforced composites well-known domestic enterprises, the company's stake in the form of family enterprises through joint ventures or technology, the whole industrial chain has been deeply involved in fiber composites, now has high performance of warp knitting fabric, new energy vehicles, aerospace, rail transportation, national defense, fixtures, composite material design, test and evaluation center, and other business sectors, and layout the future of fiber composite material market.
(2) Highlights of public service platforms and brand quality
1. The structural adjustment of tiantai industrial cloth industry has achieved remarkable results
In recent years, Tiantaishan County Party Committee county government has increased the industrial support strength, promotes the industrial structure adjustment, has obtained the obvious result.First, to accelerate the construction of characteristic parks, the industrial cloth industry has achieved rapid development, and has been ranked the fourth among the six leading industries in the county's industrial economy.The second is to increase the cultivation of leading enterprises. There are 25 enterprises above the county level, including 5 enterprises with an output value of over 100 million yuan, including 5 high-tech enterprises and 1 listed enterprise on the New Third Board.Third, speed up the development of high temperature filtration materials. The proportion of high temperature filtration products of yanpai, Huachi and Hengze has increased to over 40%.Fourthly, the industrial chain should be improved and the downstream industries should be extended actively. There are 3 manufacturers of polypropylene filament, polyester and polyamide monofilaments in the county. Hengze Environmental Protection has set up branches in Chengdu, Sichuan and Changchun, Jilin to produce vehicle textiles.Fifth, accelerate the development of other fields, such as Samsung and Donghua University cooperation research and development of liquid crystal polyaryl ester project pilot breakthrough, and the development of vinyl composite wallpaper.
2. Governments in the cluster are vigorously promoting the listing of enterprises
Tiantai county government has vigorously promoted the listing of enterprises, issued a relatively high content of support policies for the listing of enterprises, and solved the problems proposed by the enterprises to be listed through one factory and one policy.At present, there are 6 listed companies on the main board and 2 listed companies on the New Third Board.In the first half of this year, Yanqi Environmental Protection Co., Ltd. will complete the reporting work, and Hengze Environmental Protection co., Ltd. and Huachi Environmental Protection Co., Ltd. have been listed as candidates.
Yiwu is now home to 7 listed companies, 13 listed companies on the New Third Board, 81 listed companies in the regional equity trading market, 91 companies that have completed the share reform, and enterprises that have raised 24.1 billion yuan in new bond financing.
The government of Xiaojiang Town in Pingyang County has introduced industrial guidance fund to promote the listing of packaging enterprises. At present, Qiming Company has completed the reform of listing, and jinheng Pet, Litian Group, Zhongcai Industrial and other enterprises are preparing to apply for the listing of "New Third Board".
(3) Typical cases of intelligent manufacturing
1. Spunlaced nonwovens
Nanfang Fujian invested in an andritz high speed spunge production line in the new park, and introduced a full set of Azeli devices for drawing, cutting, packaging and palleting in the rear road, which realized the high degree of automation of the whole process. The Andritz production line can also adjust the fiber feeding amount and the thickness of the laying network according to the results of automatic testing.Fujian Nanfang is the first domestic spunlaced enterprise to introduce a full set of Yaseli production equipment enterprises.At present, Fujian Nanfang is commissioning the production line.
2. Needle-punched nonwovens (earthwork)
Taian Lud's intelligent manufacturing project of high performance carbon fiber composite materials for engineering has been included in the application list of new intelligent manufacturing mode by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and is also the first intelligent manufacturing pilot demonstration project in Shandong Province.The main production equipment of the company is Kalmeier high-speed warp knitting machine, which has a high degree of automation. Through software, the company has realized the networking of multiple warp knitting machines, centralized monitoring the running state of the equipment, reducing the number of workers and labor intensity of workers.At the same time, the company also applies sensors into warp knitted grille products to monitor the quality status of the project in real time.
The challenge of realizing intelligent manufacturing for geotextiles is the packaging link of the back road.The width of geotechnical material is generally around 7 meters, and because the material is flexible, the deformation after hoisting is large, so it is very difficult to realize automatic packaging.Combined with the previous investigation, the scheme of intelligent manufacturing of high temperature filtration products and waterproof rolling material base cloth in the field of needle-punched nonwovens is quite mature.
3. Textiles for medical and health purposes
Fujian Hengan Household Products Co., A subsidiary of The Hengan Group, has successfully applied for the Smart Manufacturing demonstration project of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. The company mainly produces sanitary napkins and baby diapers.The main part of Hengan sanitary napkin production line is domestic equipment, and some core equipment is independently developed by the company. For example, the high-speed chip machine independently developed by the company has realized the high-speed production of sanitary products. At present, the company is solving the automatic feeding system of raw materials.Industrial robots are introduced into the packaging, transportation, stacking, warehousing and delivery of finished products to realize automation and informatization. This part is also the most mature part of intelligent manufacturing in domestic enterprises at present. After implementation, it has a significant effect in reducing the number of workers and reducing the intensity of work.
At the same time, as the largest health products enterprise in China, Hengan has a strong foundation in enterprise management and information construction, realizing the integrated management of materials, funds and information, running through the supply chain, market, finance, customer service, human resources and warehouse management, realizing the lean management.At present, Hengan is developing MES system for digital management of the company's production to further improve the level of intelligent manufacturing.
Iv. Main issues and appeals
(I) Local governments, financial departments and related institutions have insufficient understanding of the industrial textile industry
In the process of research, enterprises generally reflect that they are not paid attention to in policy and finance, although at the national level, under the promotion of the Association, issued the guidance Opinions on the Development of the Industrial Textile Industry during the 13th Five-Year Plan period, and listed the industrial Textile industry in the Guidance Catalogue of Key Products and Services of Strategic Emerging Industries.However, from the practical point of view, more efforts are needed to make local governments and relevant institutions understand and recognize industrial textiles.In addition, in the communication with Jiangsu Industrial Technology Research Institute, it is found that they do not approve industrial textiles, but do not understand because of information asymmetry.After the panel, they said industrial textiles had opened up a new understanding of technical textiles.
Scattered forces (2) basic research, scientific and technological innovation path is the key research of science and education resources in jiangsu province science and technology innovation group is rich, but for many colleges and universities and research institutes, industrial textiles tell from the subject is still a relatively new concept, research strength distribution is more dispersed, cause the enterprise to the cooperation with scientific research institutes to form deep and original development.In the survey, many enterprises said that the current cooperation with institutions of higher learning is only on the surface of achievement appraisal and the organization and writing of prize-winning materials, and how to dig into the innovation resources of scientific research institutes and carry out targeted and highly integrated R&D innovation is the common pursuit of enterprises at present.
Several clusters and key enterprises surveyed in each group generally reported that there was a serious shortage of technical talents. At the grass-roots level, such as counties and towns, the shortage of talents became more prominent. It was very difficult for enterprises to recruit college students and graduate students, and it was also very difficult for them to stay.
(3) The public service platform is backward and relevant standards in some fields are lacking
Scientific and technological innovation platform is an important means for the government to mobilize the enthusiasm of enterprises for independent innovation and guide capital, talents, technology and other innovation elements to gather in enterprises.Most of the surveyed companies have built innovation platforms at the municipal or provincial level.But in testing platform, respondents generally reflect the industry lack of professional certification testing platform, hard to one-stop enterprise in product testing is completed, and subject to the downstream customers do not have a unified standard and test method, enterprise on test equipment investment is very big (for example for textile wear-resisting of evaluation and test instrument is more than three).In addition, in the field of security, anti-arc products and anti-metal melt sputtering products, the relevant test methods or means in China are still blank, and the test and evaluation often need to spend a lot of money and a long time abroad, which seriously restricts the technical progress of products in this field.Many enterprises in Tiantai county say that the standard of woven filter cloth is old and needs to be revised urgently, while many new products have no industry standard and need to be formulated urgently.According to The report of Pulde Medical, the existing standards of medical operating clothes and operating kits in China are seriously lagged behind and unreasonable. At present, relevant products can only be sold back to China after being tested and certified by foreign countries. We hope that the association can timely communicate with relevant departments and institutions for revision, so as to cultivate and develop the domestic market.
The public service platform construction of the three industrial clusters in Zhejiang province and the industrial clusters in Changshu, Zhitang and Xiantao are relatively weak, and the government's main energy is in the construction of industrial parks and investment attraction.Existing service platforms are basically focused on financial services. Industrial clusters are generally short of platforms for technical services and talent services, such as technical research and product r&d, which is highly consistent with the problems commonly reported by key enterprises, such as weak technical strength, lack of technical personnel and difficulties in product r&d.At the same time, there is a lack of a major industry activity platform with industry influence, which makes it difficult to improve the popularity and influence of local industry in the whole industry and build a loud "regional brand".
Each cluster calls on the association to help build technical services such as product research and development, inspection and testing, as well as public service platforms such as personnel exchange and training services and major industrial activities, so as to promote the transformation and upgrading of local industries and continuously enhance the level of industrial competitiveness.
(iv) Most cluster industries are at a low level, with homogeneous development of products and fierce market competition
There are many small and medium-sized enterprises and few leading enterprises in the industrial cluster.Most of the low-end products are high-tech and high value-added products are few.There are many similar production enterprises and few upstream and downstream supporting enterprises;There are many production enterprises and few service enterprises such as technical logistics.More imitation enterprises, less independent innovation enterprises;Unknown or even no brand products, too few well-known brands;The phenomenon of "seven more and seven less" is that there are many family-run enterprises and few modern management enterprises.As a result, most enterprises are short of technology and product research and development ability, serious lack of research and development investment, lack of core competitiveness, and weak brand awareness. As a result, they can only develop in a homogeneous way, with increasingly fierce market competition and increasingly poor profitability.Some areas such as Xiaojiang packaging industry in most of the enterprises are operating in arrears, production enterprises liquidity pressure is too big.
All generally feel the current industrial transformation and upgrading of industrial cluster of pressure is very big, feel confused again at the same time, the government and enterprises can not find the swimmer, hope the association can give strong support, support focused on help formulate transformation and upgrading plan, help seminar for production, use of technology and market, as well as the technical transformation project, talent introduction, investment promotion and capital introduction technology, key enterprises listed, etc.For example, The Xiaojiang government hopes that the Association will carry out an overall investigation and diagnosis of the Xiaojiang packaging industry and provide Suggestions for its industrial development. Meanwhile, it supports the Xiaojiang packaging Exhibition held in Pingyang County in October this year.Tiantai Enterprise Suggestion Association established a branch of room temperature filtration materials (woven fabric) to organize and coordinate relevant production enterprises and lead the development of the industry.
(5) The demand for intelligentization is urgent, but the development direction is not clear
Guided by national and local policies, as well as the rising human and management costs faced by enterprises, the interviewed enterprises have put forward strong demands in intelligent manufacturing, machine replacement and other aspects. However, resources to provide effective services in the society are scarce.For example, the products of Kuanda and Bafeng are characterized by small batch and multiple varieties, which are different from the traditional large-scale spinning and weaving process, and have more special requirements on the equipment, which bring great challenges to the intelligent or automatic transformation and upgrading of the company.Hongfa has introduced the composite automatic molding equipment from Kraussmaffei, Germany, but how to combine the multi-axial warp knitting with the composite molding system efficiently is still the focus of the enterprise.Although Runyuan group has carried out the research of warp knitting intelligent factory with Changzhou Branch of China National Machinery Research Institute, it still remains in the stage of imagination and planning.
6. The pressure of environmental protection and circular economy is becoming more and more obvious
The country's increasingly strict environmental protection policy has brought some pressure to the industry.For example, in the field of industrial dust removal, many downstream industrial enterprises require enterprises to recycle and dispose waste filter bags when replacing them. These waste filter bags have become one of the problems that enterprises in the industry must consider at present.In the field of automotive textiles, due to the limited import of waste bottle sheets, the price rise of recycled polyester fiber has caused a significant increase in enterprise costs, but it is difficult to pass the price pressure to the downstream, bringing great pressure on enterprise production and operation.In the field of waste nonwovens, with the rapid development of the industry, the once popular nonwovens waste has become the burden of relevant enterprises in The Chitang area, and the economical and feasible reuse technology is the focus of local enterprises.In the field of coating industrial fabric, facing the stricter requirements of the environmental protection department, in order not to affect the production, the production enterprises have to continue to carry out environmental protection transformation and investment on the basis of meeting the environmental protection standards.
In 2017, China's environmental protection policies became increasingly stringent, and some small and medium-sized enterprises stopped production for a long time due to inadequate environmental protection procedures or substandard emissions.Due to the limitation of imported bottle pieces, the production cost of recycled polyester fiber production enterprises has increased significantly, and many small enterprises have stopped production, which has also caused a certain negative impact on downstream automotive textiles, geotechnical materials and other related enterprises.
V. Countermeasures and Suggestions
1. Scientific and technological innovation
1, combing industry in colleges and universities and research institutes resources (donghua university, tianjin university of technology, xi 'an engineering university, jiangnan university, nantong university, suzhou university, wuhan textile university, zhejiang university of science and technology and spinning around, jiangsu institute of industry technology research institute, etc.), to establish industrial textiles industry's top think-tank, established for basic research in science and technology foundation.
2. Accelerate the construction of a testing public service platform in key areas.In the field of automotive textiles, emergency textiles, geotechnical materials, medical and health materials, etc., we will guide qualified enterprises or testing institutions to build a national or industry-recognized testing public service platform, and step up research on the emergency textile standard system to sort out and supplement relevant testing or product standards for key products in this field.And continue to promote the above key areas of standards and the harmonization of downstream industries.
3. Strengthen the classification of relevant disciplines of industrial textiles, and establish a more extensive and comprehensive innovation resource database of universities and research institutes, so as to facilitate the diversified integration and innovative development of the industry.
4. Strengthen exchanges and cooperation with relevant scientific research institutes, study and explore flexible cooperation models, promote industrial technological innovation in the field of industrial high and new technologies in combination with industrial conditions, and strengthen the promotion of industrial alliances.
industrial high and new technologies in combination with industrial conditions, and strengthen the promotion of industrial alliances.
(2) Public service platforms and brand quality
1. Research and formulate medium - and long-term development plans for industrial textiles industry.It is suggested that all provinces and key industrial clusters in central China should organize powerful forces, specially study and formulate industrial development plans, select their own key development areas of industrial textile industry, and organize and guide high-end, centralized, green and high-quality development of the industry.
2. Accelerate the construction of public service platforms.We will actively build public service platforms featuring clusters of information technology, personnel exchange and training, financial financing, testing and inspection, and solve the problems of small and medium-sized enterprises, such as the shortage of technical personnel and weak r&d strength. In particular, we will focus on supporting industrial chain collaborative innovation in which upstream and downstream enterprises, universities, research institutes and applications combine.
3. Strengthen the cultivation of key enterprises and the development of characteristic enterprises.We should strengthen the support for leading enterprises, high-growth enterprises and high-tech enterprises, strengthen and expand leading enterprises, and give full play to their leading role.We should also select and cultivate a number of specialized, small and special enterprises, and promote their characteristic development to form an industrial agglomeration effect featuring efficient cooperation, harmony and win-win results.
4. Continue to strengthen the construction and cultivation of enterprise brand and product brand.Make full use of existing channels, strive for a well-known brand, and constantly improve visibility.
5. Vigorously strengthen regional brand construction.Encourage qualified regions and industrial clusters to register "regional brands" with obvious regional characteristics, and rapidly improve their popularity and influence by holding brand activities and participating in international and domestic industry exhibitions.
6. Promote the expansion of key enterprises to the industrial chain, or the upstream and downstream enterprises to attract investment, strengthen the industrial agglomeration effect, and improve the overall competitiveness of the cluster.
(3) Intelligent manufacturing
1. Vigorously promote the automation of the whole process of the production line
According to the current situation of the industry, in the future, enterprises will still focus on the automation of the whole process for intelligent manufacturing, mainly focusing on the two ends of the production line, namely the front-end automatic feeding system and the back-end online detection, automatic winding, cutting, packaging, stacking and transportation systems.Domestic equipment has been able to meet the demand, but there are still some gaps with imported equipment in terms of speed and accuracy.First, select a group of qualified suppliers to recommend to the industry enterprises to upgrade the existing production lines.Secondly, it is suggested that the production line suppliers cooperate with these enterprises to form a complete nonwoven intelligent production line scheme to serve the new investment projects of the enterprises.Third, attention should be paid to the localization of intelligent production lines and the embodiment of Chinese manufacturing in core components and industrial software.
2. Make breakthroughs in software problems of intelligent manufacturing
The core of intelligent manufacturing lies in data and software. Industrial software and industrial big data application are all difficulties in the whole manufacturing industry. One of the difficulties is to conduct personalized development for the industry and even enterprises.
First, equipment suppliers, especially imported equipment suppliers, need to open the corresponding data interface for software extraction and invocation.Secondly, universities, research institutions and backbone enterprises jointly analyze and study the nonwovens process, build the big data model of industrial production, and provide important reference for the application of big data in the industry.Third, production enterprises and software companies to jointly develop nonwovens MES system, fine management of production process, and improve product quality, reduce energy consumption and waste emissions, improve operational efficiency, enterprise of industrial software on a single line of controls, in accordance with the production lines of control, production management system and the implementation of vertical integration to the operating system of distribution.For the system with good application effect, both parties are encouraged to jointly apply for relevant science and technology awards.Fourth, the state supports the development of relevant industrial software projects and forms demonstration projects as soon as possible.
3. Standardize and guide enterprises' intelligent manufacturing investment
The association should regulate and guide enterprises' investment in intelligent manufacturing projects to prevent enterprises from blindly investing beyond the development stage.First of all, the association can preach to enterprises the technical path, key direction, main mode and implementation steps of the industry to realize intelligent manufacturing by means of technology roadmap.Second, the formulation of intelligent manufacturing standards, so that the implementation of the enterprise rules to follow, industry evaluation can be based on.Third, give full play to the demonstration effect of backbone enterprises and promote their excellent cases in the industry for reference by other enterprises.
(4) Other comprehensive proposals
1. Vigorously strengthen the publicity and implementation of policies related to industrial textiles.The association adopts two ways: top-down and bottom-up. One is to carry out policies and industry publicity for the competent departments in key provinces of industrial textiles through the coordination of national competent departments.Second, strengthen cooperation with local associations, industrial clusters and leading enterprises, improve the recognition degree of industrial textiles in local governments and competent departments and expand the industrial influence with the help of relevant planning or large-scale industrial activities.
2. It is suggested that enterprises in relevant fields should start from fulfilling their social responsibilities, strengthen scientific and technological research and investment, and research and develop economically applicable waste textile resources, especially recycling technologies and equipment for waste industrial textiles, so as to realize the recycling and utilization of waste resources.
3. It is suggested to strengthen the construction of domestic waste polyester bottles and other recycling systems, improve the construction of classified recycling system for user terminals, establish a centralized processing and treatment system for waste bottles, and constantly improve the quality of waste bottle flakes and increase effective supply.
4. The Association takes the lead in organizing the compilation of green manufacturing standards in key areas, cultivating green development demonstration enterprises in the industry, and leading the low-carbon and green development of the industry.